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24Jun

Unit 24 Networking Technologies

Module Booklet

Qualification BTEC HND in Computing and Systems Development
 

Unit

Unit 24 Networking Technologies
Unit level 4
Unit code M/601/0472
Credit Value 15
Teaching Period 10 Weeks [Contact Hours: 60]
Term Start Date 05 June 2017
Hand out date
Submission Deadline 13 August 2017
Lecture 7 weeks
Revision Clinic 3 Weeks
Module Leader Rafiqul Islam
Lecturer Rafiqul Islam

6.4 Assignment guidelines…………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………..26

6.5 Relevant keywords………………………………………………………………………………………………………..………………………….29

6.6 Evidence Planning…………………………………………………………………………………….………….…………….……………………..30

7. Appendix 4: Glossary of terms…………………………………………………….………………………………….………………………………32

1.0  Introduction

1.1 Aim

To enable learners to understand computer networking concepts, how they work, how they operate and the protocols, standards and the models associated with networking technology.

Unit abstract

Unit 24 Networking TechnologiesUnderstanding of the underlying principles of networking is of vital importance to all IT professionals in an environment that is increasingly complex and under continuous development.

The aim of this unit is to provide a background to the basic components of networked systems from which all networking operations derive. It also includes the evaluation of networks and network applications.

Learners taking this unit will explore a range of hardware and technologies, culminating in the design and deployment of a networked system. Working with many technologies, this unit can be used for mobile systems, local area networks as well as larger scale wider area networked systems. Supporting a range of units in the Higher National suite this unit underpins the principles of networks for all and enables learners to work towards their studies in vendor units if applicable.

1.2 Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this unit a learner will: 

LO1-Understand networking principles

LO2 -Understand networking components

LO3-Be able to design networked systems

LO4-Be able to implement and support networked systems.

2.0 Unit Indicative content:

1 Understand networking principles

Role of networks: purpose, benefits, resource implications, communications, workingpractice, commercial opportunity, information sharing, collaboration

System: types, eg peer based, client-server, cloud, cluster, centralised, virtualised

Networking standards: conceptual models eg OSI model, TCP/IP model; standards: eg IEEE 802.x

Topology: logical eg Ethernet, Token Ring; physical eg star, ring, bus, mesh, tree, ring

Communication: bandwidth, throughput

Protocols: relationship to networking standards; purpose of protocols; routed protocols eg IPv4, IPv6,  FTP, HTTP, SMTP, POP3, SSL; management of protocols for addressing; routing protocols eg RIP, RIPv2, OSPF, OSPFv3, BGP

2 Understand networking components 

Hardware components: workstation eg mobile, fixed, handheld, console; servers; switches; routers; cabling; hubs; repeaters; bridges; wireless devices; mobile eg 3G, 4G, GPRS

Software components: software eg client software, server software, client operating system, server operating system

Server: type eg firewall, email, web, file, database, combination, virtualisation, terminalservices server

Server selection: cost, purpose, operating system requirement

Workstation: hardware eg network card, cabling; permissions; system bus; local-systemarchitecture eg memory, processor, I/O devices 

3 Be able to design networked systems 

Bandwidth: expected average load; anticipated peak load; local internet availability; costConstraints

Users: quality expectations, concept of system growth

Applications: security requirements, quality of service needs

Communications: suited to devices, suited to users, supportive of lifestyle desires, supportive of commercial requirements

Scalable: able to support device growth, able to support addition of communication devices, able to cope with bandwidth use and trend changes, protocol utilisation, addressing

Selection of components: supporting infrastructure needs; supporting connectivity requirements

4 Be able to implement and support networked systems 

Devices: installation of communication devices, allocation of addresses, local client configuration, server configuration, server installation

Connectivity: installation of internet work communication medium

Testing: communication; bandwidth

User access: bandwidth, applications, devices

Policy review: bandwidth, resource availability

System monitoring: utilisation, bandwidth needs, monitoring user productivity

Maintenance schedule: backups, upgrades, security, auditing

3.0 Learning Outcomes and assessment criteria

On successful completion of this unit a learner will:

  • Teaching and learning Methods 

This unit requires a range of skills and strategies to be employed for teaching and learning.

This is suitable for use for a range of sectors and should utilise the full range of skills developed through study of other units in the programme. These include planning, practical work, data handling and processing, critical analysis and presentation skills.

Tutor support will available throughout. You can contact the tutor via email or through your e-learning portal on a regular basis on top of scheduled classroom hours which all learners should attend. There will a number activities leading to peer discussions and learning.

This knowledge gained from this unit can be applied to a number of other units in the programme as well. 

Assessment Methods -Summary

The assessment will consist of an individual report based on a case scenario chosen for the purpose to address all the learning outcomes and the implied assessment criteria.

The assessment will comprise of four key components –Understand networking principles,Understand networking components, Be able to design networked systems and Be able to implement and support networked systems

A summative assessment on their report will be conducted on the week 10. 

4.1 Methods of Delivery:

LECTURES:

These will be developed around the key concepts as mentioned in the indicative course content and will use a range of live examples and cases from business practice to demonstrate the application of theoretical concepts. This method is primarily used to identify and explain key aspects of the subject so that learners can utilise their private study time more effectively.  

SEMINARS:

These are in addition to the lectures. The seminars are designed to give learners the opportunity to test their understanding of the material covered in the lectures and private study with the help of reference books. This methodology usually carries a set of questions identified in advance. Seminars are interactive sessions led by the learners. This method of study gives the learner an excellent opportunity to clarify any points of difficulty with the tutor and simultaneously develop their oral communication skills. 

CASE STUDIES:

An important learning methodology is the extensive use of case studies. They enable learners to apply the concepts that they learn in their subjects. The learners have to study the case, analyse the facts presented and arrive at conclusions and recommendations. This assists in the assessment of the learner’s ability to apply to the real world the tools and techniques of analysis which they have learnt. The case study serves as a supplement to the theoretical knowledge imparted through the course work.

Plagiarism:

Any act of plagiarism will be seriously dealt with according to the colleges and awarding bodies’ regulations. In this context the definition and scope of plagiarism are presented below:

Plagiarism is presenting someone’s work as your own. It includes copying information directly from the web or books without referencing the material; submitting joint coursework as an individual effort; copying another student’s coursework; stealing coursework form another student and submitting it as your own work. Suspected plagiarism will be investigated and if found to have occurred will be dealt with according to the college procedure. (For further details please refer to the plagiarism policy and the student code of conduct.)

5.0       Teaching plan for the term / Scheme of Work 

Accrediting Body:  EDEXCEL

Course: BTEC HND IN Computing and Systems Development                          

UNIT 44: LOCAL AREA NETWORKING TECHNOLOGIES 

1 AM

 

Lecture Schedule Outcome of session Activity/seminar and formative assessment Resources
PM

 

Introduction to the module

Breakdown of Learning Outcomes

Explanation of the assessment model

Introduction to the module, awareness of the awarding body, assessment criteria and the mode of assessment

 

 

 

 

Role play and individual induction, helping to know each other.

General Overview of the Module and significance of the Module as a component part of the BTEC Higher National

Module handbook and PowerPoint slides prepared by Module Leader

 

 

2 AM

 

Introduction to Networking

Purpose & Benefits

At the end of this session, learner’s will be able:

ü  AC 1.1 Discuss the benefits and constraints of different networking systems types and topologies

Case study and addressing the outcome

Activity: Individual and group discussion related to network

 

PowerPoint slides from: books and Websites
PM

 

Network Types: PAN, LAN, WAN, MAN and Cloud Network Architecture: Client/Server, peer to peer, cluster, centralized networks.  Advantages and disadvantages.

 

After this session, learners will be able to:

ü  AC 1.2 Evaluate the impact of current network technology, communication and standards

 

Addressing the learning outcome

Activity: Individual and group discussion on AC 1.1 and AC 1.2

 

PowerPoint slides

From books and Websites

3 AM

 

Networking Hardware & Software components

Networking Hardware.( Servers, Routers, Switches, Hubs, repeaters, bridges)

Network Transmission Media: Wired and Wireless transmissions)

Network Software components: software e.g. client software, server software, client operating system, server operating system Server and Server selection: cost, purpose, operating system requirement

 

After this session, learners will be able to:

ü  AC 2.1 Discuss the role of software and hardware components

ü  AC 2.2 Discuss server types and selection requirement

ü

Practical, case study and addressing the learning outcome

Activity: Individual and group discussion on AC 2.1 , AC 2.2 and AC 2.3

 

PowerPoint slides

From books and Websites  and research

PM

 

Physical & logical Topologies:

Physical Topology: star, ring, bus, mesh, tree and Hybrid.

After this session, learners will be able to:

 

ü  AC 2.3 Discuss the inter-dependence of workstation hardware with network components

Case study and addressing the learning outcome

 

Activity: Introduce Network  simulation software Packet Tracer

PowerPoint slides

From books and Websites  and research

4 AM

 

Logical Topology: Token Ring and CSMA/CD. After this session, learners will be able to:

ü  AC 3.1 Design a networked system to meet a given specification

ü

Case study and addressing the learning outcome

 

Activity:  Individual/group tasks using Network Simulator Software.

 

PowerPoint slides

From books and Websites  and research

PM

 

Conceptual Models:

Open System Interconnection (OSI) Model

TCP/IP Model

 

ü  AC 3.2 evaluate the design and analyse user feedback Case study and addressing the learning outcome

 

Activity: Individual and group discussion on OSI Model

 

PowerPoint slides

From books and Websites  and research

5 AM

 

Protocols: IPv4, IPv6, FTP,TELNET, SMTP,HTTP, POP3, SSL

 

 

After this session, learners will be able to:

ü  AC 4.1 implement a networked system based on a prepared design

Case study and addressing the learning outcome

Activity:  Individual/group tasks using Network Simulator Software.

 

PowerPoint slides

From books and Websites  and research

PM

 

IP addressing and subnetting

 

ü  AC 4.1 implement a networked system based on a prepared design Practical, case study and addressing the learning outcome

Activity: Individual/group exercise on subnetting

 

PowerPoint slides

From books and Websites  and research

6 AM

 

IP addressing and subnetting After this session, learners will be able to:

 

ü  AC 4.1 implement a networked system based on a prepared design

Practical, case study and addressing the learning outcome

Activity: Individual/group tasks using Network Simulator Software.

PowerPoint slides

From books and Websites  and research

PM

 

Routing Protocols

Introduction to Routing Static and Dynamic routing

Routing protocols : RIP, IGRP, EIGRP

After this session, learners will be able to:

ü  AC 4.1 implement a networked system based on a prepared design

Practical, case study and addressing the learning outcome

Activity: Individual/group exercise on routing protocols.

 

PowerPoint slides

From books and Websites  and research

7 AM Routing protocols : OSPF, BGP After this session, learners will be able to:

ü  AC 4.2 test the network system to meet user requirements

ü  AC 4.3 document and analyse test results against expected results

Practical, case study and addressing the learning outcome

Activity:Individual/group tasks using Network Simulator Software.

PowerPoint slides

From books and Websites  and research

PM Testing, user accessibility and policy reviews. System monitoring in terms of bandwidth needs. After this session, learners will be able to:

ü  AC  4.4 recommend potential enhancements for the networked systems

ü  AC 4.5 design a maintenance schedule to support the networked system

Practical, case study and addressing the learning outcome

Activity:  Individual/group discussion regarding the topic

PowerPoint slides

From books and Websites and research

8 AM Maintenance schedule: backups, upgrades, security and auditing

Revision

After this session, learners will be able to:

Revision of LO1, LO2 and LO3

 

 

Practical, case study and addressing the learning outcome

Activity: Individual/group tasks using Network Simulator Software.

PowerPoint slides

From books and Websites and research

PM Revision

&

Individual/group tasks using Network Simulator Software

 

After this session, learners will be able to:

Revision of LO1, LO2 and LO3

 

Practical, case study and addressing the learning outcome

Individual/group tasks using Network Simulator Software

PowerPoint slides

From books and Websites and research

9 AM

 

Revision

&

Individual/group tasks using Network Simulator Software

After this session, learners will be able to:

Revision of LO4

Practical, case study and addressing the learning outcome

Individual/group tasks using Network Simulator Software.

PowerPoint slides

From books and Websites and research

9 PM Assignment Support Assignment Support Assignment Support Assignment Support
10 AM Assignment Support Assignment Support Assignment Support Assignment Support
10 PM Assessment and Feedback Assessment and Feedback Assessment and Feedback Assessment and Feedback

Resources 

Books 

  • Burgess M – Principles of Network and System Administration, 2nd Edition (John Wiley and Sons Ltd, 2003) ISBN 0470868074
  • Hallberg B – Networking: A Beginner’s Guide, 4th Edition (Osborne/McGraw-Hill US, 2005) ISBN 0072262125
  • Limoncelli T and Hogan C – The Practice of System and Network Administration (Addison Wesley, 2001) ISBN 0201702711
  • Lowe D – Networking All-in-One Desk Reference for Dummies, 2nd Edition (Hungry Minds Inc US, 2005) ISBN 0764599399
  • More M, Southwick P, Pritsky T and Riggs C – Telecommunications: A Beginner’s Guide (McGrawHill Education, 2001) ISBN 0072193565
  • Olifer N and Olifer V – Computer Networks: Principles, Technologies and Protocols for Network Design (John Wiley and Sons Ltd, 2005) ISBN 0470869828
  • Schiller J – Mobile Communications, 2nd Edition (Addison Wesley, 2003) ISBN 0321123816
  • Subramanian M – Network Management: An Introduction to Principles and Practice (Addison Wesley, 2000) ISBN 0201357429 Websites 

Websites

  • cisco.com
  • howstuffworks.com
  • webopedia.com
  • wikipedia.org

Lecturer:  Mr Rafiqul Islam

Campus: WH/PR

Contact details: rafiq.matrix@gmail.com

Assessment:

The module will be assessed meeting all the LO as specified by the awarding body, EdExcel.

Please read the instructions carefully while addressing the tasks specified.

Contribution: 100% of the module

Outline Details: Individual report approx. 4500 words.   Details enclosed in the assignment brief.

Teaching and Learning Activities 

The module tutor(s) will aim to combine lectures with tutorial activities. This environment will provide opportunities for the student to understand the course material through case study and text and to apply it in a practical way. The intent is to facilitate interactive class activities, and discussion about the significant role of research in a global and local business environment.

Teaching Ethos

The college’s approach towards teaching and learning is simple and effective. The main aim of UKCBC is to assist learners in maximising their potential by ensuring that they are taught clearly and effectively. This will enable students to engage in the learning environment and promote success in both their academic studies and subsequent career.

6.0       Assignment Details

In the following pages you will find the assignment for this unit.

Please find the assignment front sheet, assignment brief and other assessment guidelines.

This is the ONLY assignment that will be used to grade you for this unit.

Please go through the scenario and plan for your achievement using the PASS, MERIT and DISTINCTION descriptions / indicative characteristics given below.

  • The module will be assessed using all the Learning Outcomes as specified by the awarding body
  • Please read the instructions carefully while addressing the tasks specified.
  • Contribution: 100% of the module
  • Outline Details: Individual report approx. 4500 words. Details enclosed in the assignment brief

6.1 ASSIGNMENT BRIEF

Unit Number and title Unit 24 Networking Technologies
Qualification BTEC HND CSD (Level 4)
Start Date 05 June 2017
Deadline/ Hand-in 13 August 2017
Assignment Title   

         

Design a LAN for Beta Communication Ltd
Assignment Type Individual Course Work
Assessor Rafiqul Islam

Assignment Brief Scenario:

The BetaCommunication Ltd is a medium sized telecommunication company specialising in telecom products for a niche market. Until now, the company has relied heavily on standalone PCs and individual dial-up access to the internet for their work.

This year, the company won a lucrative contract and have decided to move to new premises and build their contemporary Local Area Network (LAN) system. As part of building a LAN project, the Managing Director recruited you as a Network Consultant to design, build and implementthe company’s LAN with consideration to their limited budgetdue to the credit crunch.

Your ISP has given you a ‘Class C’ IP address for your company. ‘Class C’ IP address will require to be sub netted to allow for the functions of different departments. Beta Communication Ltd hasthree separate buildings. You must connect these three buildings with a bandwidth no less than 10 Mbps.

As part of the security, all general staff of the company will not have access to FTP andWeb services from their PC. Additionally, Telco products manager and Network Infrastructure (NI) manager will have access to FTP services only. Different functional part of the companyare as follows:

First Building:

1st Line Support

There are five 1st line support technicians for their products in the company. All of them use separate PCs for their work. They use high power workstations for their work. Theyrequire twolarge servers, one FTP and other Web serverfor theirdepartment’s datastorageand applications.

Network Infrastructure Manager

The NI Manager would like to have powerful PC so that he/she can view their Management Information Systems (MIS). NI Manager would also like the ability to take part in videoconferencing. The manager has statedthatmuchoftheinformationhe/shewillbeusingistoremainconfidential.

Telco Products Manager

Telco Manager takes care of the company’s Telco products. He/she use one room. As this department deals with large amount of information, the communications for this department must be secure and not reach any of the rest of the network. This room requires one large serverforapplicationsanddata. 

2nd Building: 

Ordering and Delivery 

This department is in one room and is responsible for shipping the manufactured items to their purchasers. There are three staff here and their work will mainly involve addressing parcels and contacting customers by email. The company will require a web server to accommodate their new website for online ordering.

General Staff 

All other staff will require a new PC complete with a suitable office environment operating system (unless stated otherwise) and access to a networked printer. Each floor has their own laserprinter.Allcommunicationsbetweenfloorsmustbesecurefromeavesdropping.

Third Building: 

Only Managing Director and PA will use this floor and they both would like to have a powerful PC, a colour laser printer anda projector. Assume that you have been appointed as Network Consultant to this company and you are required to design the LAN in simulated environment, write the documentation accordingtothe tasks mentioned below and submit it in report format style to Managing Director of Beta Communication LTD.

TASKS 1 TO 4

TASK 1 to TASK 4: You are required to follow the instructions as specified towards each task and support with research by using supportive materials like books, websites, etc., and give feedback on the findings by relating your arguments to the relevant case study as specified towards each task. Your report should fully follow the Harvard Referencing model.

LO1 Understand networking principles 

The objective for this task is to address and exhibit understand networking principals.

You are required to carry out research by using supportive materials like books, websites, etc., and give a feedback of the findings on all assessment criteria in task 1. The answers need to be reflected to the given case study.

Task 1

A.C 1.1 Discuss the benefits and constraints of different networking systems, types and topologies.Analyse and clearly identify the requirements of the system for this network in order to convince the management of the given case study company.

A.C 1.2Evaluate the impact of current network technology, communication and standards for the given case study company.

A.C 1.3Discuss how protocols enable the effective utilization of different networking systems. 

 LO2 Understand networking components

Task 2

The objective for this task is to address and exhibit understand networking components.

You are required to carry out research by using supportive materials like books, websites, etc., and give a feedback of the findings on all assessment criteria in task 2. The answers need to be reflected to the given case study.

A.C 2.1 discuss the role of software and hardware components for the given company case study.

A.C 2.2 discuss server types and selection requirement for the given company case study.

A.C 2.3 discuss the inter-dependence of workstation hardware with network components 

LO3 Be able to design networked systems

Task 3

The objective for this task is to address and exhibit understand networking components and be able to design a network systems for the given case study.  You are required to carry out research by using supportive materials like books, websites, etc., and give a feedback of the findings on all assessment criteria in task 3. The answers need to be reflected to the given case study.

A.C 3.1Design a network system diagram using MS Visio or any other tools of your choice for the given case study. In the design you should consider current and future provisions in terms of user requirements and the network infrastructure itself.

A.C 3.2Evaluate the design you have produced for 3.1 is validated in terms of user feedback and other key factors e.g. future provision and use of proposed technology 

LO4 Be able to implement and support networked systems

Task 4

The objective for this task is to address and exhibit understand of networking by implement and support network systems for the given case study.  You are required to carry out research by using supportive materials like books, websites, etc., and give a feedback of the findings on all assessment criteria in task 4. The answers need to be reflected to the given case study.

A.C 4.1Implement a network systems based on the proposed design. You are required to use means of simulation software, establish a network according to the design in task 3.

A.C 4.2Test network systems to meet user requirements. Your testing includes functionality of the network to ensure that your developed network will operate seamlessly in a physical environment so that it can satisfy user requirements.

A.C 4.3Document and analyse test result against expected results. While carrying out task 4.2, the testing of the network has produced a number of results. List the results you have found in task 4.2 by contrasting them with your expected results.

A.C 4.4Recommend potential enhancement for the networked systems. Your discussions should include how your developed network will cope with future changing needs and should address possible enhancements of your network to satisfy needs of changing future environment.

A.C 4.5Design a maintenance schedule to support the network system. Your maintenance schedule should address various factors likepersonnel allocation, backup and recovery policy, maintaining security & integrity; and general administration to support the users.

6.2 Evidence Checklist

Learning Outcomes

 

Assessment Criteria In this assessment you will have the opportunity to present evidence that shows you are able to:  Task No

 

Evidence Check list
LO1 – Understand networking principles

 

1.1 Discuss the benefits and constraints of different networking systems types and topologies 1  
1.2 Evaluate the impact of current network technology, communication and standards 1  
1.3 Discuss how protocols enable the effective utilization of different networking systems 1  
 

LO2 – Understand networking components

2.1 Discuss the role of software and hardware components 2  
2.2

 

 

2.3

Discuss server types and selection requirement

Discuss the inter-dependence of workstation hardware with network components

2

 

2

 
LO3 – Be able to design networked systems  

3.1

 

3.2

Design a networked system to meet a given specification

Evaluate the design and analyse user feedback

3

 

 

3

 
LO4 – Be able to implement and support networked systems

 

4.1 Implement a networked system based on a prepared design 4  
4.2 Test the network system to meet user requirements 4  
4.3

 

4.4

 

4.5

Document and analyse test results against expected resultsRecommend potential enhancements for the networked systemsDesign a maintenance schedule to support the networked system.

6.3 Contextualisation grid to achieve higher grade

 

Merit  grade Description: Indicative characteristics Contextualisation
 

M1. Identify and apply strategies to find appropriate solutions.

 

Effective judgments have been made.

 

an effective approach to study and research has been applied

 

complex problems with more than one variable have been explored

 

 

Relevant theories and techniques/process have been applied to explain different networking systems.  ( AC 1.1)

 

Appropriate methods and features have been used to evaluate the impact of current network technology, communication and standards. ( AC 1.2 )

 

An effective approach has been applied to explain protocols which enables effective utilization of networking systems ( AC 1.3 )

 

Design a networked system to meet a given specification (3.1)

 

 

 

 

M2. Select/ design and apply appropriate methods/ techniques

 

 A range of methods and techniques has been applied

 

a range of sources of information has been used

 

the design of methods/techniques has been justified

 

complex information/data has been synthesised and processed

 

Appropriate features and the role of software and hardware have been discussed. ( AC 2.1 )

 

Relevant techniques/theories has been applied to select different types of server ( AC 2.2 )

 

Effective approach was applied to discuss the network hardware ( AC 2.3 )

 

Recommend potential enhancements for the networked systems ( 4.4)

 

 

 

M3. Present and communicate appropriate findings.

 

Technical language accurately used.

 

the appropriate structure and approach has been used

 

the communication is appropriate for familiar and unfamiliar audiences and appropriate media have been used.

 

 

Appropriate findings has been generated and  presented accurately ( AC 3.1  and  AC 4.1)

Technical language has been used to provide support your explanation throughout your assignment.

 Distinction Grade Description

 

 Indicative characteristics  Contextualisation
 

D1. Use critical reflection to evaluate own work and justify valid conclusion

 

Evaluation has taken place using defined criteria

 

Realistic improvements have been proposed against defined characteristics for success

Critical analysis of the network assessment has been provided in answer as well as the network evaluation ( AC 3.2 )

evaluate the impact of current network technology, communication and standards ( AC 1.2)

Recommend potential enhancements has been provided for the networked systems (AC 4.4)

 

D2. Take responsibility for managing and organizing activities

 

Substantial activities/projects or investigations have been planned, managed and organized by learner.

 

 

 

Activities and investigations have been planned, managed and organised to design and develop the network. ( AC 3.1 , AC 4.1)

 

D3. Demonstrate convergent, lateral and creative thinking

 

ideas have been generated and decisions taken

 

 

Effective thinking has taken place to explain the reasons behind the design of the network and its associated functionality. ( AC 3.1, AC 4.1 )

Ideas have been generated for documentation of the network. ( AC 4.3 , AC 4.5 )

 

6.4 Assignment Guidelines:

File Format

  • Assignments should be uploaded on E-Learning platform before the deadline
  • Assignments submitted after the deadline will not be accepted unless mitigating and may be entitled for a late fee.
  • Assignments must be submitted in one of the following file formats: .doc, .docx, .xls, .xlsx or .pdf
  • Do not submit html files, web pages, CAD files, Visio (.vsd), PowerPoint (.ppt) or zip files unless these are specifically required for your course
  • If you are not sure about the file format required contact your lecturer

Assignment Format

  • Use a common format for the questions, for example:
  • Introduction (analyse the question.)
  • Underpinning Knowledge (write about the relevant theory/points)
  • Applied knowledge (Data Analysis)
  • Conclusions and Recommendations (summarising the whole scenario keeping in view pass, merit, distinction criteria.)
  • In order to PASS you need to address all the LO
  • In order to get a MERIT you need to address the characteristics of Pass and address M1, M2,M3
  • In order to get a DISTINCTION you need to address the characteristics of Pass, merit and address D1, D2 and D3

Fonts

  • Use a clear, readable font such as Verdana, Calibri, Tahoma or Arial, and be consistent and use the same font throughout
  • Use black text on a white background. Avoid coloured backgrounds or text in a colour other than black unless you have special permission to use them (for example, if you’re dyslexic)
  • Use 12 point for the body of your assignment

Spacing

  • Use 1.5 or double spacing and fairly wide margins: this leaves room for the marker’s comments
  • Leave a blank line between paragraphs
  • If the questions are short, leave a blank line between each question; If they are long, start each question on a new page
  • Left-justify your work (also known as left-aligned). AVOID block-justified (flush left and right); it might look tidy, but it is harder to read as it can result in gaps between words.

Headings

  • Use bold for headings. Do not use underlining or italics
  • Essays do not usually require subheadings; reports usually do

Title Page

  • The title and number of the assignment
  • The course number and name
  • The due date
  • Your full name and student number
  • This information should be centred, starting approximately one third of the way down the page

Numbering

  • Number all pages except the title page
  • Tables and figures must be numbered and clearly labelled
  • Table captions are placed above the table, while captions for a figures go below the figure
  • Do not number the items in a Reference List

Headers and Footers 

  • Insert a header or footer on each page (except the title page). It should contain:
  • your name (last name, first name/s)
  • your student number
  • the assignment number
  • the page number

Word Count

  • The (approx) word limit for this assignment 4000 to 4500 words
  • Any specified word limit in the assignment brief is for guidance purpose only. It is there to give an indication of the level of depth that may be needed to provide sufficient evidence.
  • You will not be penalised for producing work outside this limit but should ensure your word count is adequate to meet the assessment objectives.
  • Remember that the title/title page, reference list and appendices are not included in the word count

Reference List 

  • You must ensure that all external sources used to provide evidence in your work must be referenced accordingly to avoid plagiarism and collusion
  • All work should be comprehensively referenced and all sources must be fully acknowledged, such as books and journals, websites (include the date of visit)
  • You must use correct and consistent Harvard referencing style
  • A full reference list should be at the end of the assignment, and should start on a new page labelled ‘References’ or ‘Reference List’
  • Do not include a ‘Bibliography’

Appendices

  • Use for information that is too long to include in the body of your assignment
  • Use for information that supplements or complements the information you are providing
  • Start each appendix (if applicable) on a new page. If there’s just one appendix label it ‘Appendix’ without a number, but if there are more than one label them Appendix A, Appendix B, etc. In the main text of your assignment, refer to the Appendix by the label, e.g. Appendix A.

Appendix 4: Glossary of terms used for internally assessed units

This is a summary of the key terms used to define the requirements within units.

 

Term Definition
Analyse Present the outcome of methodical and detailed examination either:

●      breaking down a theme, topic or situation in order to interpret and study the interrelationships between the parts and/or

●      of information or data to interpret and study key trends and interrelationships.

Analysis can be through activity, practice, written or verbal presentation.

Apply Put into operation or use.

Use relevant skills/knowledge/understanding appropriate to context.

Arrange Organise or make plans.
Assess Offer a reasoned judgement of the standard/quality of a situation or a skill informed by relevant facts.
Calculate Generate a numerical answer with workings shown.
Compare Identify the main factors relating to two or more items/situations or aspects of a subject that is extended to explain the similarities, differences, advantages and disadvantages.

 

This is used to show depth of knowledge through selection of characteristics.

Compose Create or make up or form.
Communicate Convey ideas or information to others.

 

Create/construct skills to make or do something, for example a display or set of accounts.

Create/Const-ruct Skills to make or do something, for example, a display or set of accounts.
Critically

analyse

Separate information into components and identify characteristics with depth to the justification.
Critically evaluate Make a judgement taking into account different factors and using available knowledge/experience/evidence where the judgement is supported in depth.
Term Definition
Define State the nature, scope or meaning.
Describe Give an account, including all the relevant characteristics, qualities and events.
Discuss Consider different aspects of a theme or topic, how they interrelate, and the extent to which they are important.
Demonstrate Show knowledge and understanding.
Design Plan and present ideas to show the layout/function/workings/object/system/process.
Develop Grow or progress a plan, ideas, skills and understanding
Differentiate Recognise or determine what makes something different.
Discuss Give an account that addresses a range of ideas and arguments.
Evaluate Work draws on varied information, themes or concepts to consider aspects, such as:

●      strengths or weaknesses

●      advantages or disadvantages

●      alternative actions

●      relevance or significance.

Students’ inquiries should lead to a supported judgement showing relationship to its context. This will often be in a conclusion. Evidence will often be written but could be through presentation or activity.

Explain To give an account of the purposes or reasons.
Explore Skills and/or knowledge involving practical research or testing.
Identify Indicate the main features or purpose of something by recognising it and/or being able to discern and understand facts or qualities.
Illustrate Make clear by using examples or provide diagrams.
Indicate Point out, show.
Interpret State the meaning, purpose or qualities of something through the use of images, words or other expression.
Investigate Conduct an inquiry or study into something to discover and examine facts and information.
Justify Learners give reasons or evidence to:

●      support an opinion

●      prove something is right or reasonable.

Outline Set out the main points/characteristics.
Plan Consider, set out and communicate what is to be done.

 

Term Definition
Produce To bring into existence.
Reconstruct To assemble again/reorganise/form an impression.
Report Adhere to protocols, codes and conventions where findings or judgements are set down in an objective way.
Review Make a formal assessment of work produced.

 

The assessment allows learners to:

●      appraise existing information or prior events

●      reconsider information with the intention of making changes, if necessary.

Show how Demonstrate the application of certain methods/theories/concepts.
Stage and manage Organisation and management skills, for example, running an event or a business pitch.
State Express.
Suggest Give possible alternatives, produce an idea, put forward, for example, an idea or plan, for consideration.
Undertake/ carry out Use a range of skills to perform a task, research or activity.

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