Unit 2 Research Project

Unit 2 Research Project

2.1Unit 2 Research Project Introduction

In this section the researcher will be detailing information gathered from various previously carried out research papers and journals which have discussed the topic of group behavior

personality characteristics of the group members as well as the effect of the same on the overall performance of the group to great extent. This will help in developing a theoretical background for the researcher in addition to the readers of the report (Hahn, 2010). This will not only help in creating a detailed understanding regarding the research topic and answering the questions which have been chosen for the study, but will also help in creating a platform for the primary research which will be done in this study with the help of a questionnaire. The main themes which will be looked into through this critical review of past literature are as following:

  • Identification and understanding of  the various personality traits exhibited by employees in a group
  • Identification and understanding of  the negative effects of personality traits on group performance in an organization
  • Identification and understanding of  the ways for improving group performance in an organization

2.2 Identify the various personality traits exhibited by employees in a group

The various personality traits exhibited by employees in a group can be explained by the big five personality traits proposed by Lewis Goldberg personality and how this traits can affect the performance in the proposed organization, as its operations are mostly executed in groups. These factors will be first looked into to discuss this topic:

  • Openness to experience: The first point among st these factors is the openness to experience which defines if characteristic of the individual is biased more towards inventive and curious or consistent and cautious. An individual with more preference towards inventiveness will have more appreciation for emotion, out of the box ideas, curiosity etc. On the other hand a cautious person will be keener on maintaining the status quo etc. This factor decides the extent of creativity, intellectual curiosity as well as a preference for variety and novelty which the individual exhibits. It also define the imaginative or independence which the individual likes. This also represents the preference of the person for various out of the box activities compared to stern schedule of works (Hahn, 2010).
  • Conscientiousness: This factor determines if the individual is organized and efficient or careless and easy-going. The first type of people have a higher tendency towards being dependable and organized, showing discipline, acting dutifully, aiming for various achievements, and prefer spontaneous behaviours rather than planned.
  • Extraversion: This factor determines if the individual is outgoing and energetic or solitary and reserved. These factors also determine the energy as well as urgency of the individual apart from their assertiveness, positive emotions, sociability and propensity for seeking stimulation in the company of others.
  • Agreeableness: This factor determines if the individual is friendly or compassionate as opposed to analytical and detached. This determines if the tendency of the individual is to be cooperative as well as compassionate in comparison to being hostile towards other group members as well as suspicious towards their activities. This also determines if the nature of the person is trusting as well as helpful and if the person is well tempered.
  • Neurotic ism: This factor determines if the individual is sensitive and nervous as opposed to secure and confident. This determines if the tendency of the individual is to experience unpleasant emotions including anger, depression, anxiety as well as vulnerability easily. Neurotic ism also refers to the degree of emotional stability and impulse control and is sometimes referred to by its low pole, “emotional stability”.

Following is the graphical description of the various personality traits exhibited by employees in a group:

personality traits, Assignment Help, Assignment Help UK, Assignment Help  Coventry, Assignment Help London, Research Project Assignment, Research Project

2.3 Identify the negative effects of personality traits on group performance in an organization

The personality traits of the individuals who are member of a specific group will certainly have some serious effect on the overall performance of the group. As far as task performance is concerned, which is quite significant in terms of the group performance especially in the project management company which is being discussed here, it is necessary that they score high in the openness as well as conscientiousness factors. In view of the fact that these are the factors which help the team in ensuring that they are able to deliver the works which have bene entrusted on them with utmost meticulousness, a group with higher number of individuals  with these traits will be more successful in carrying out its jobs.

2.4 Identify ways of improving group performance in an organization

The most important aspect which the companies like Harris Calnan Construction Company need to ensure for improving the performance of the groups is to train all the members well in their respective domains. An adequate training program will benefit the members of the team to perform in a more efficient as well as effective manner which also helps in the group running smoothly (Senior, 1991). Also right enablers and tools are needed to be provided to the members of the group in view of the fact that these are required for working effectively.

2.5 Summary of the Literature

The various personality traits exhibited by employees in a group can be explained by the big five personality traits proposed by Lewis Goldberg personality and how this traits can affect the performance in the proposed organization, as its operations are mostly executed in groups. These factors will be first looked into to discuss this topic:

  • Openness to experience
  • Conscientiousness
  • Extraversion
  • Agreeableness
  • Neuroticism

As far as task performance is concerned, which is quite significant in terms of the group performance especially in the project management company which is being discussed here, it is necessary that they score high in the openness as well as conscientiousness factors. The most important aspect which the companies like Harris Calnan Construction Company need to ensure for improving the performance of the groups is to train all the members well in their respective domains (Senior, 1991).

Contact us

Get assignment help from full time dedicated experts of BTEC HND & HNC assignments.

Call us: +44 – 7497 786 317
Email: support@locusrags.com

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

3 × 2 =