Tourism Development Assignment help
This assignment encompasses and stresses upon the importance the development of the sustainable tourism which can be used strengthen the economy, culture and environmental. Further it takes into account how the sustainable tourism is different from other types of the tourism. It involves the ethical and social aspects of the tourism and method of how to measure the impacts of the tourism on the economy and the environment.
“It is a type of tourism that includes the current, future, social and environmental impacts that address the desires of the visitors, environment and hosting communities (Lee, 2013).”
Management practices and the guidelines to sustainable tourism development can applied to all forms of tourism which includes the destinations, many particular niche tourism segments and most importantly mass tourism (Ruhanen, 2013).
The term sustainability refers to the economic, social, cultural, environmental aspect and also the balance between these three aspects to have long terms sustainability.
So the sustainable tourism should include the following aspects:
- It should make a best use of the environmental resources that is important element in the tourism development industry. Along with this it should also maintain the essential natural processes and also helps in maintaining the natural legacy and biodiversity.
- Sustainable tourism must ensure feasible, long term, and socio- economics provided to all the members fairly which in turn include long term employment, opportunities for earning incomes, social services provided to the resident communities and to reduce poverty (Kuščer and Mihalič, 2014).
- This tourism helps to preserve the culture of the resident communities, their socio-cultural identity, legacy (heritage), traditional values and to contribute inter cultural tolerance.
All the participants must be involved and actively participate which is the requirement of the sustainable tourism development along with it also requires wide participation and the consensus building. It is a continuous process and requires continuous monitoring so that preventive/corrective measures can be taken whenever necessary.
It should maintain level of tourist satisfaction and should create awareness among the tourist regarding the sustainability practices involved in the tourism. (STD, 2005)
According to various analysts and the industry it is said that eco-tourism is more toward environment conservation and also educating the visitor or tourist regarding the surrounding environment but sustainable tourism focuses more on the traveling which has less impact on the local communities and the ecological surroundings (Skočibušić et al., 2013).
Eco-tourism is the type of tourism that can be taken similar to the vacation taken to the beaches, adventures etc. on the other hand sustainable tourism take into account all types of tourisms. (Integra, 2012)
Pro-poor tourism is not the kind of tourism that mostly people think of the tourism it is the approach that allows tourism to reduce or alleviate poverty among the local communities where the traveler, tourists usually visits. So we can say that any form of the tourism that reduces the poverty can be termed as pro-poor tourism (Butler et al., 2013). This is said that any form of the tourism directly or indirectly reduce the poverty but specifically taking steps or making ways in tourism to alleviate the poverty is pro-poor tourism. Tourism is a growing industry and it is affects millions of people and if minor changings are done it could be done to reduce the poverty level.(PPT, 2006). But on the other hand sustainable tourism includes the pro-poor tourism into it. As mention above in the definition it is stated that sustainable tourism development helps in the economic prosperity of the local communities. So Pro-poor tourism is the part of Sustainable tourism development.
Tourism in the self-contained resorts is called enclave tourism that are usually located in the costal and tropical areas or the in villages of the Africa. The major issue regarding the enclave tourism is the leakage effect which causes income to flow out of the local economy. Multinational hotels take away all the profits (Cohen and Cohen, 2012). There is few interaction of tourist with the local communities because the visitors hardly leave the luxury the resorts so it becomes difficult for the locals to maintain their culture.
The local communities are also indirectly benefited from the enclave tourism but it is unethical because the tourism should directly benefit the local communities economical and culturally. This type of tourism also makes a gap between rich and the poor that is more unethical practice. Even the resources of the local are used for the rich or to use for the resort maintenance and the local are left deprived of the resources (Buzinde and Manuel-Navarrete, 2013).
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