The psychological basis for terrorism and terrorists
The present research paper sheds light on the evidences that explain the psychological basis for terrorism and terrorists. The paper summarizes the agreeing and disagreeing responses and approaches of the accredited scholars and practitioners both regarding the terrorist organizations. Structurally, the essay explores mindsets of people joining the terrorist organizations followed by the evaluation relevance of psychopathology and individual personality for understanding or preventing terrorism. Correspondingly, the paper summarizes the vulnerabilities of the terrorist groups so as to measure its impact on the economic stability of a nation. The main theme or the thesis statement for this paper is to determine the psychological basis for terrorism and terrorists.
In literature, Hudson (1999) specified that psychology of terrorism is determined to be marked more by theory and opinion both. In fact, many accredited scientists and investigators have started to assemble reliable data indicating the factors that drives people to join terrorist organizations. Borum (2007) explained that behavioral factors are more likely to shape the decisions among people about joining the terrorist organizations. In terrorist organizations, recruitment tends to involve people with alienated and angry behavior. People believing that their existing political involvements are not enough and effective in bringing real change are more likely to get involved in such organizations. In likewise manner, people perceiving themselves as victims of the social justice prefer to take such extreme actions. Moreover, Borum (2014) argued that people joining the terrorist organizations possess the strong mindsets that engaging in violent acts is not the immoral state. They consider their involvement in terrorist organizations as a social and psychological reward which mainly includes a sense of adventure, identity and camaraderie. On the other hand, Phillips (2015) stated that people joining terrorist organizations possess individual characteristics that are beyond psychological attributes. The social and economic disturbance is also a main factor that enhances people’s preference towards the involvement in such violent acts. In accordance to Borum (2014), the cultural values play a significant role in paradoxical involvement of people with terrorist organizations. The cultural values trigger the sense among people which reduced the unconscious fear of death. This sense significantly underlies the motivation of creating reactions for society among them.